Someone will correct me if I am wrong, but:.
1: Yes and no. Yes, because the domain is infringing on the trademark, but on the other hand, the domain owner technically has common law rights that preceed the registered mark. Is the mark actually registered or just published for opposition? It will be much harder to cancel a tm than to oppose it before it's finalized.
2: Anything is possible... but I believe as long as the domain owner can show precedence (through archive.org or some other means), they should, in a perfect world, be able to rebuff and even counter sue the tm owner, since they really had common law tm rights before the tm owner (unless the tm owner can prove they actually started first even tho the first use date is one year later - don't know the ramifications of this situation).
3: Not unless they get the tm cancelled. It will be denied by the tm office otherwise.
4: Possible yes. Costly, yes. Sure thing? No. If they get a good lawyer and can develop a solid case, chances are decent imho except that if the tm is officially set... it will be tougher.
5: It's definitely possible. HOW possible of success... not sure.
6: Talk to a TM lawyer, but imho the only way the domain owner is going to get anywhere, they will need to get the tm cancelled, and sue the tm owner for infringement.
I'm no lawyer, but I have done a lot of research for this kind of thing. Good luck...
You get an award for the most well worded question I have seen in Legal section.
I agree with Flamewalker for the most part...
It is hard to say. Usually they are published for opposition few months or even a year after filing date. TM in question was filed last year.
Current status of TM is:.
Live/Dead Indicator LIVE.
What is even more interesting, current TAAR Status is showing: A non-final action has been mailed. This is a letter from the examining attorney requesting additional information and/or making an initial refusal. However, no final determination as to the registrability of the mark has been made.
From TDR paperwork I can assume that forwarded documentation wasn't complete and application is refused for now....
Well it says exactly: " Now the question is how long applicant has to reply with new evidence?.
" IF TM is refused, how long it takes to show in TESS?.
" Can my client / his lawyer, contact TM filing attorney directly to let him know that processed TM is in conflict with existing common rights od domain owner?..
If they refused it based on it being descriptive, then chances are neither party will be able to tm it, and neither party will likely have any recourse through the courts or udrp.
You cannot TM Apple for selling apples... or Car for selling Cars...
So you say... that domains like MP3converter.com or SnowBlower.com (I'm referring to those 2 because construction of the domain in question is similar) cannot be TM'ed because it is not descriptive enough?.
Also is that possible that TM indicator says LIVE while TM was refused?.
Is it some kind of time frame / time limit for refreshing the status?..
I'm digging deeper in the world of law so let me post my findings here and feel free to comment any of them. and another one: ....hmm... correct me if I'm wrong, but in that case, domains like MP3converter.com or SnowBlower.com (I'm referring to those 2 because construction of the domain in question is similar) cannot be TM'ed by anyone because they are not descriptive enough?.
If you use combination of common words / acronyms and TLD like: kitchen+cleaner+.com or MRI+equipment+.com or CGI+graphic+.com then words used to build domain are merely descriptive and for ex. "CGI Graphics" cannot be TMed?.
Just want to be sure, that I' understanding that correctly...
Six months from the date of the action. The applicant can reply with either a persuasive argument that the term is not descriptive in the strictest sense, or the applicant can present evidence and an oath that the term has acquired distinctiveness in the relevant market. Typically that requires a showing of five years of substantially exclusive and continuous use. The application currently stands refused, so I'm not sure what you are driving at.
The sequence is non-final action, response, final action, and then either the examiner may on discretion accept an after-final action, otherwise the applicant may appeal to the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board. If refused at the TTAB, the applicant may appeal out of the USPTO and into the federal court system. If their use is infringing your client's mark, then whether the junior party is seeking registration is entirely tangential to the fact that your client can put them on notice of infringement. I'm not sure I know what you are driving at here.
However, if the term is descriptive, then claiming a TM of your own is not necessarily the best move here.
I'll add that the initial fact pattern is nicely worded, but the fact that an issue that wasn't mentioned in the OP appears to be the more determinative issue is a prime example of why one shouldn't rely on "advice" given on the basis of hypotheticals like that one. If the TM applicant's use is descriptive, then so is your client's use, so we aren't looking at a priority issue at all, but a distinctiveness issue.
In general, no, if you've been using a term in commerce senior to another claimant, then you can oppose their federal registration. Further, their federal registration is not a bar to your continued use of your mark in a manner consistent with it's use prior to their federal registration. A junior party's federal registration can essentially "lock in" a senior party, and prevent expansion of the senior party's use...
Thank you jberryhill for clarification..
Let me ask you few more questions if I can... QUESTION 1:.
Current TARR status shows: ...now assuming that applicant has 6 months to reply from the date of the action (which was August 2007) and now we have 7th month.... what happen next?.
You wrote that sequence is like:.
1. non-final action.
3. final action.
4. and then either the examiner may on discretion accept an after-final action.
I assume applicant didn't responded, because there is no trace of reply in TDR. In this case, how long usually take to proceed with final action, and post the ruling in the system? I assume that his application status will show as abandoned or refused, am I correct? QUESTION 2:.
By your judgment, .....is it possible to trademark for example term "MRI Equipment", ...do you think it is descriptive term? I just want to get the feeling of descriptive vs. non descriptive terms, and this type of term is the closest to my client's mark. QUESTION 3: So pretty much, regardless of the fact if applicant will register this TM or not, my client will be able to keep his domain and provide usual services or selling goods, because he is a senior to potential claimant, am I correct?.
Thank you again for you detailed answers..
Unless the people responding here are trademark lawyers, it's kind of pointless having this debate. I'd recommend you get some solid legal advice and don't base your decisions on speculation posted in forums...
It is not really that pointless as you think. jberryhill (he is a lawyer) made some good points which gave me some hints where to look for even more detailed answers. I understand that replies in this forum will not replace legal consultation but at least it will arm my client and me with come additional knowledge that we can use, when talking with my client's attorney...