Is this correct:if you shoot in JPEG, all the settings (from WB to Saturation toContrast etc) effect the image ;.
Yes, they all affect the the jpeg image file..
If you shoot in RAW, none of the settings (expect choices in ISO, EVetc) matter ? .
Yes, that is correct..
And that means, for example, that if I want a high contrast imagein JPEG I have to change that setting in the camera, but in RAW itdoesn't matter because I can essentially "set" those in postprocessing?.
Or put another way, all the camera's settings really only for jpeg?.
Except the camera settings can be used as a starting point for processing the RAW image file..
You are partially correct. If you shoot (jpg) with no camera settings- some contrast will be added anyway..
Your raw assumption is correct.. I shoot raw particularly for the white balance.
Slider and highlight recovery slider -( just in case there are burned out areas.).
Shooting jpeg- if you want more contrast- saturation - or sharpening- do it in post processing.. Not in camera. You have more control...
And that means, for example, that if I want a high contrast imagein JPEG I have to change that setting in the camera, but in RAW itdoesn't matter because I can essentially "set" those in postprocessing.
If your result histogram in the RAW is within the left and right edges, you can adjust the contrast in post processing. However if your histogram has toes that extend past either or both the left and right edges, you have already lost information in the capture and you will not be able to gain that data back..
Yes, most of the camera settings affect JPEG, not RAW..
As I stated some overexposure can be recovered with the highlight recovery slider.. My nikon d200 will handle about 1 stop overexposure( off right side scale). The in camera histogram is a jpg representation- so if it is flashing -you may still have detail in the highlights..
As for deep shadows-if there is detail- there is nothing you can do.. but you can pull more detail from deep shadow areas with a raw file than with a jpg..
Then there is the expose to the right technique to get more detail in the deep shadows which is another story.Buzz..
When shooting JPEG, or more correctly, when saving to your memory card as JPEG, the camera settings are used to create the final image and ARE INTEGRATED INTO the image..
When saving RAW you can still make camera settings so they are used in creating the final image but they form a SEPARATE FILE ATTACHED the image and are then applied when converting the RAW data into an image you can see or print..
The benefit of this is that when you alter your settings in post processing, all you are doing is changing the instructions attached to the RAW file and not altering the file itself. This means that no matter what alterations you make or how often you change them, they will NOT degrade your image AT ALL..
Other benefits to saving in RAW is better colour depth, (JPEGS are all 8 bit files while RAW are typically 12 or 14 bit files), better resolution and the abiilty to use better noise reduction algorhythms down the track..
Hope this clarifies it a little...
I learned from this post, too....great information here and easy to understand replies! Thanks everyone!LucyE- 510, 40- 150, 14- 54 and ZD 35 Macro lensesU ZI owner!Olympus C30-20Zhttp://www.pbase.com/lucyFCAS Member #98, Oly Division'Photography is the art of seeing what others do not.'.
Image control:Zoom outZoom 100%Zoom inExpand AllOpen in new window..
Second paragraph should read"If there is NO detail- not" if there is detail"hope it didn't confuse se anyone.Buzz..